Artificial intelligence (AI) is the ability of machines to perform tasks that would normally require human intelligence. From the early days of AI to the present day, AI has evolved at a staggering pace. In this article, we will explore the history of artificial intelligence (umělá inteligence), starting from its origins to its current state of development.

The concept of AI emerged in the early 1950s, with the goal of creating machines that could think and reason like humans. The first AI conference was held in Dartmouth College in 1956, where researchers discussed the potential of AI and the challenges involved in creating intelligent machines.

In the 1960s, AI researchers focused on developing expert systems, which were computer programs that could solve problems in a specific domain. For example, an expert system designed for diagnosing diseases could take input symptoms and suggest potential illnesses.

In the 1970s, AI research shifted towards machine learning, which is a form of AI that allows machines to learn from experience by analyzing vast amounts of data. This type of AI is used in a variety of applications, such as language translation and image recognition.

During the 1980s and 1990s, AI experienced a boom, with the development of more sophisticated machine learning algorithms and the emergence of neural networks. Neural networks are a type of machine learning algorithm that is inspired by the way the human brain works. They can be used for tasks such as speech recognition, natural language processing, and image recognition.

In the 2000s, AI made significant progress in speech recognition, with the development of voice assistants such as Siri and Alexa. These systems use natural language processing to understand spoken commands and provide answers in real-time.

In recent years, AI has made incredible strides in deep learning, which is a type of machine learning that allows algorithms to learn by themselves, without the need for explicit instructions. Deep learning has been used in a variety of applications, such as self-driving cars and recommendation engines.


AI has come a long way since its origins in the 1950s. With advancements in machine learning and deep learning, AI systems are now capable of solving complex problems and making intelligent decisions. As these technologies continue to evolve, we can expect AI to become an increasingly important part of our daily lives. From virtual assistants to self-driving cars, AI will continue to shape the way we live, work, and interact with the world around us.